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初中英语常考8类固定搭配短语

本主题由 admin 于 2017-6-10 08:48 审核通过

初中英语常考8类固定搭配短语

  在英语学习中,短语就是汉语都的成语一样,是同学们在学习中遣词造句的基础。而且英语短语还是考试必考的知识点,特别是单项选择题和完型填空题,短语考核出现的频率非常高!!
  英语短语的结构类型也比较多,主要有to do结构的、-ing结构的、be 动词结构等等,还有一些短语是固定搭配的。短语对学习英语来说非常重要,所以同学们一定要多积累短语,增加自己的词汇量。
  下面总结了中小学英语考试中出现频率比较高的8类短语,大家赶紧来看看吧!
  结构一:To do 结构
  ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
  tell sb  to do sth  告诉某人去做某事;
  help sb ( to) do sth. 协助做某事
  want sb to do sth. 想要做某事
  wish sb to do sth. 希望做某事
  invite sb. to do sth. 约请某人做某事
  drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
  expect sb. to do sth. 希冀某人做某事
  forbid sb. to do sth. 制止某人做某事
  force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
  hope to do sth. 希望做某事
  offer to do sth. 自动提出做某事
  plan to do sth. 方案做某事
  prepare to do sth. 预备做某事
  pretend to do sth. 伪装做某事
  promise to do sth. 容许做某事
  refuse to do sth. 回绝做某事
  fail to do sth. 未能做某事
  happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
  need sb to do sth need doing =need to be done
  advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
  advise doing sth. 建议做某事  
  allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
  allow  doing  sth    允许做某事                  
  结构二: ing 结构  
  consider doing sth. 思索做某事
  enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
  escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
  finish doing sth. 完成做某事  
  give up doing sth. 保持做某事
  imagine doing sth. 想象做某事  
  mind doing sth. 介意做某事
  practice doing sth. 练习做某事
  prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事  
  put off doing sth. 推延做某事  
  risk doing sth. 冒险做某事  
  forbid doing sth. 制止做某事
  forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事  
  结构三:既  to 又  ing
  1. remember to do sth. 记住要做某事(未做)  
  remember doing sth. 记得做过某事(已做)  
  2. forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事(未做)  
  forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事(已做)
  3. regret to do sth. 遗憾要做某事(未做)  
  regret doing sth. 后悔/抱歉做过某事(已做)
  4. try to do sth. 努力做某事   
  try doing sth. 尝试做某事
  5.stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事
  stop doing sth. 停下正在做的事情
  6.mean to do sth. 计划做事   
  mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
  7.can’t help to do sth. 不能协助做某事
  can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
  8.go on to do sth. 做完某预先接着做  
  go on doing sth. 持续做不断在做的事
  结构四:do  动词原形
  let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
  make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
  make sth  done  have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
  have sth done see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
  see sb doing hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事   
  hear sb doing listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事  
  listen sb doing sth look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
  watch sb. do sth. 察看某人做某事
  feel sb. do sth. 觉得某人做某事  
  结构五: 双宾语
  give sb sth = give sth to sb
  tell sb sth = tell sth to sb
  borrow sth from sb lend sth to sb
  buy sth for sb =buy sb sth
  show sb sth=show sth to sb
  结构六:Be 动词结构
  be careful of …注意,小心
  be late for be free  空闲的,有空
  be busy doing/with sth
  be covered with  被……复盖  
  be ready for  为……作好准备  
  be surprised (at) 对……感到惊讶  
  be interested in   对……感到举
  be excited about 对…感到兴奋;
  be angry with  对…生气;
  be mad  at 对…愤怒;
  be friendly to  对…友好/友善
  be pleased  with 对…喜欢,满意于
  be satisfied  with 对…感到满意
  be famous  for/ as   因\ 以...而著名
  be strict with/ in 对…严格要求
  be  afraid of  害怕,担忧
  be  afraid to do 害怕做某事; 害怕做
  be worried about =be anxious about 挂虑; 惦念
  be glad to do 高兴做某事
  be from  = come from 来自于
  be good for  对...有好处
  be bad for  对...有不好之处
  be good at = do well in 擅长
  be able to do有能力做某事
  结构七: Go\get\have……结构
  go go bed  睡觉
  go to sleep
  go to school
  go home  
  go fishing /swimming/shopping
  go over  复习
  get over 克服
  get on/off  上/下车
  get to  到达 reach  arrive in/at   
  have a lesson /a meeting 上课/开会
  have a try  试一试
  have a good  time  玩得很高兴
  have a fever  发烧
  have a coldb感冒
  have a rest 休息一会儿
  make friends (with)与……交朋友
  make a living  谋生
  make a mistake (mistakes)犯错误
  make a sentence be made from/of 由……制成
  look after =take care of照管,照看,
  look out  当心,小心
  put on 穿上(衣服),戴上(帽子)
  put up 张帖
  take one's advice  听从某人劝告
  take place  发生
  take the place of  代替
  take it easy  别紧张
  turn on  开,旋开(电灯,收音机等)
  turn off  关上(电灯,收音机等)
  at the age of…  在……岁时  
  at the end of…  在……之末
  by the end of…  到……底为止
  at the beginning of…  在……之初
  in fact  事实上
  in a hurry  匆忙
  from then on  从那时起
  a great deal of  非常多,大量的(不可数名词)
  a large (great) number of   非常多,大量的(可数名词)
  a great many  大量,许多(可数名词)
  day after day  日复一日
  结构八:其他固定搭配
  langht at  嘲笑
  be used to  doing习惯于
  wake…up  唤醒
  work out  算出  
  hurry up  赶快,快点
  think about   考虑…… think of
  worry about = be worried about = be anxious
  about  担忧
  instead of  代替……
  with one's help  在某人的帮助下,由于
  get on/along (well) with  与……相处(融洽
  In the hospital  在医院里  In hospital 住院
  keep up with  跟上……,
  be different from 不同于; 与…不同
  It takes sb some time to do sth  做某事花费某人一些时间.
  sb spend some time/money (in)doing /on sth
  hundreds / thousands /millions of 做某事花费某人某些物.

我的终极目标:考啥啥会,蒙啥啥对!

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